75th Independence day in India
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India in Sunday-15thAugust-2021 will be celebrating the 75th  year of Independence very proudly.

I am Proud to be an Indian
I am proud to be an Indian
India in Sunday-15thAugust-2021 will be celebrating “ Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav”, marking the 75th year of Independence. In a notification by the Ministry of Defence, a series of events are being organized across the country by the ministries, state government and Union Territories, the Armed forces, and the General public. Our Prime Minister Narendra Modi will host the national flag and address the Nation at the Red Fort. Our prime minister had launched “Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav” from Sabarmati ashram at Ahmadabad in Gujarat in March to celebrate the 75th year of India’s Independence. The celebration will continue till August-15, 2023. Indian Independence is celebrated annually on 15th August as a national holiday in India.
Prime Minister Narenda Modi
Prime Ministe Narendra Modi

 History of Indian Independence Movement:-

 European traders had established outposts in the subcontinent by the 17th century through military strength. The Govt. of India Act, 1858 was an Act of parliament of the United Kingdom passed on 2nd August 1858. It is liquidating the British East India Company and the transference of its functions to the British Crown. Lord Palmerstone was the prime minister of the United Kingdom.

 East India Company:-

British rule in India
British rule in India
 East India Company entered India in the year 1600. However, the trade route from Europe to India was started way back in 1948, when Vasco da Gama discovered the sea route to India. Vasco d agama Landed in Calicut and took small spices to Europe for trade. When it sold like hotcakes in Europe, the Portuguese realized the importance of trading in India and started trade with India. The East India Company is a trading company. The other name is British East India Company and informally known as John Company or Company Bahadur. The East India company fought and annexed local kingdoms and established themselves as the dominant force by the 18th Century. Warren Hastings was replaced by Lord Cornwallis n the year 1793, as the Governor-General. He divided areas into provinces. Bengal, Madras, and Bombay were called Presidencies. In the year of 1857, many Indian states went under the control of British rule. The first Indian Rebellion was in the year 1857 against the British East India Company. But it was unsuccessful, after that in the year 1858 Govt. Of India Act, 1858 led the British Crown to assume that direct control of India. The first National Congress party was formed after decades by the civic society of India in 1885. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, and political ethicist, who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India’s Independence from British rule, In the year 1930, the reform was gradually legislated by the British Congress by the elections. The National congress pushes for non-cooperation and creates Muslim nationalism led by the All India Muslim League.

The Background of Indian Independence:-

 In 1946, the Labour Government in Britain, exhausted by the recently concluded World war-II, realized that it had neither the mandate at home, the International support nor the reliability of the British Indian Army for continuing to maintain control in increasingly restless India. On 20th February 1947, the Prime Minister of British Government Clement Attlee announced that the  British Government would grant full self-governance to British India by June 1948.
Lord mountbatten
Lord Mountbatten
The New viceroy Lord Mountbatten declares the date 15th August 1947 as the Advance for the transfer of power, believing the continuous contention between the Congress and Muslims to collapse the interim government. The British government announced the 3rd June 1947 idea of partitioning British India, into two states.The Indian Independence Act,1947, of the parliament of the United Kingdom portioned British India into two new Independent dominions India and Pakistan, with effect from15th August 1947, and granted complete legislative authority upon the respective constituent assemblies of new countries. The Act received royal assent on 18th July 1947.

 Non-Cooperation movement1920-1922:-

 Another history of movement of India is the Non-Cooperation movement. With the emergency of Gandhi as a leader, nationalism had taken over the people of India. Everyone Indian started participating in the struggle for freedom. Everyone had faith in Mahatma Gandhi who showed the right path for gaining independence.

 Dandi March:-

Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi
Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi
 Dandi March is also known as Saltsatygraha. It was a protest against the salt tax. It was a nonviolent civil disobedience movement led by the father of India Mahatma Gandhi. Dandi March was one of the most important historical freedom movements of India. Salt was taxed in India from very early times. However British increased the tax on salt to a very large amount. In order to ease and facilitate the import of salt, the government imposed a special tax in the year 1835.

Quit India Movement:-

As far as the Indian freedom movement is considered, the month of August has witnessed many great events. One of the greatest episodes of the freedom struggle that ultimately led to Indian Independence is the Quit India.The quit India movement was launched in August-8; 1942. Thousands of freedom fighters sacrificed their lives for this cause. This is also known as the “Leave India movement.”Politically instability was happening all over the world during the period. World war-II had begun and British Government joined the war by supporting Germany.

Netaji Subash Chandra Bose -role in the Indian freedom movement:-

Netaji Subash Chandra Bose
Netaji Subash Chandra Bose
Netaji Subash Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist whose Indian patriotism has left a mark in many Indians’ hearts. He is famously known as the founder of “AZAD HIND FAUJ”& “TUM MUJHE KHOON DO, MAI THUME AAZDI DUNGA” is the famous slogan. He was born on 23rd January 1897. Netaji Subash Bose died in a hospital in Taiwan on August 18, 1944.after suffering in born injuries in an airplane crash. Subash Chandra Bose is considered is the most influential freedom fighter.”Jai hind” & “Delhi Chalo” are the famous slogan. He is the founder of the “Azad Hind Fauz” and made many contributions to the struggle for liberty in India. He joined Mahatma Gandhi’s Noncooperation movement, which founded INC as a strong nonviolent organization. He was advised by Mahatma Gandhi during the movement to collaborate with Chittaranjan Das, who became the political mentor.
 He was elected president of the Indian National Congress in 1938. In 1941, Subash Chandra Bose left India and went to Germany to work for Indian independence. In 1943, to make an effective weapon for India’s liberation, he came to Singapore to lead the Indian independence League and restore the India National Army.

 Partition of India & Pakistan:-

Millions of Muslims, Sikhs, and Hindu refugees trekked the newly drawn boards in the month of surrounding Independence. In Punjab where the borders divided Sikh regions into two halves.Massive Bloodshed followed in Bengal and Bihar. In this violence near about 2, 50,000 to 10, 00,000 people died in the border areas and all parts of India. On the 14th day August 1947, the Independence Day of Pakistan, the new Domain of Pakistan came into force.Mohammed Ali Jinnah was sworn in as the first Governor-General in Karachi. The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to frame the Constitution of India. It was elected by the “Provincial Assembly” following India’s Independence from British Government in 1947.Its member served as the nation’s first parliament. The Constituent Assembly of India met its fifth season at 11 pm on 14th August 1947 in the Constitution Hall New Delhi. The session was chaired by Dr. Rajendra Prasad. In this session, Jawaharlal Nehru delivers the Tryst with Destiny speech proclaiming India’s Independence.

India is today Superpower in the World after the 75th year of Independence:-

 India as a potential superpower.Once a country that had rebuilt itself from scratch, India now has the third-largest GDP in the World in purchasing power. A famous word of the first prime minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, “ A moment comes, which comes rarely in history, when we step out from the old to new, when an age ends and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed finds utterance”. It is true India marches on the global economic scene and is striving hard each day to establish itself as an emerging global economic power. 15th August 1947 a day celebrated by the entire country as Independence Day, did not mark the end of the struggle but the beginning of a mammoth task of rebuilding an entire county and its economy. To prevent such situations, India adopted economic Independence and work towards economic sufficiency, along with formulating five-year plans to achieve set out goals. India’s first five-year plan started in the year 1951.The first five-year plan focused primarily on agriculture, price stability, power, and transportation. It was based on the Harrod-Damar model that sought to give impetus to India’s economic growth through an increase in savings and Investments. The 2nd Five-year plan also called Mahalanobie’s plan which focused on Industrialisation. The Mahalanobie’s plan in a way laid the foundation of the spirit of self-reliance or Atmanirbhara Bharat. In the time of Lal Bhadur Shastri’s Prime Minister Ship India go on for Green Revolution. In 1978-79 India, record grain output of 131 million tonnes. This establishes India as one of the world’s biggest agricultural producers. A new era of economic progress by Prime Minister- Narendra Modi, replaced the planning commission with “NITI AAYOG”.NITI Stands for the National Institute of Transforming India. NITI Aayog is a state of art resources center that acts as the Government’s think tank with the necessary resources, knowledge, and skills, that enable it to act with speed, to promote research and innovations. After implementing the “Make in India” and “Skill India” mission in July 2017, Prime Minister Modi announced the implementation of the Goods & Services Tax, making India one of the few countries to have a tax law that unifies various state and central laws, thereby facilitating inclusive growth of the nation. But today India is a potential superpower. India rebuilds itself from ground Zero to 3rd largest GDP country in the world.

 Income expanded in 75 years of Independence:-

Since 1947, India has achieved tremendous progress in raising growth, income levels, and standard of living.The gross domestic product (GDP) increased from Rs.2939billion during 1950-51 to s.56,330 billion during 2011-12.In 2018-19India’s GDP valued at an estimated Rs1,40,776/-billion. At the same time, the average Indian citizen earned an income of just around Rs.7513 during 1950-51 which increased to s.41, 255 during 2011-12 and further to Rs.92, 565 during 2018-19.The per capita income increase in real terms despite a significant increase in the population of the county. In India, the manufacturing sectors added real gross value added in the manufacturing, electricity, gas, and water supply sector, which stood around Rs.401 billion during 1950-51.Presently these sectors are valued at around Rs36684 billion. In services new sectors, such as Information Technology and Telecommunications have transformed the landscape, creating new opportunities such as e-commerce and start-ups.India’s IT skills are renowned the world over. India @75 is the new milestone on which the country has set its sights, the year 2022 when it completes 75 years of Independence. The Indian growth story continues as it celebrates yet another glorious year as an independent nation.


(1)Subash chanda Bose:-“Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Mai Tumhe Azadi Dunga(2)BAL Ganga Dhar Tilak:-“Swaraj is the birthright and I shall have it”.(3) Bhagat Singh:-“Inqilab Zindabad”(4)Lal Bhadur Shasti:-“Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”(5)Bankim Chandra Chatterjee:-“Vande Mataam”(6)Mahatma Gandhi:-“Freedom is never dear at any price. It is the breath of life. What would a man not pay for living?”“JAY HIND” “BANDE MATARAM” “JAY HIND”” BANDE MATARAM”” JAI HIND” 

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I am Ajay Kumar Patra. ( M.com & MBA-Finance) with 27years of Accounts & Taxation Experience in Large Manufacturing Units in India. In 2021 I started my own tax consultancy firm called “Ajay Tax consultant”. I started my Digital marketing on my website "www.odiyadigitalworld.com".I have already published more than 100 Blogs on Business, Finance, startups, Digital marketing & Tours & Travel for my viewers.