Table of Contents Top 10 important points described in detail, why Odisha does not develop after 75 years of Independence. 1. Employment opportunities in Odisha2. Education of the Odisha:- 3. Culture & Festivals of the Odisha:- 4. Mining Recourses of the Odisha:- 5. Infracture facilities (Railway, Road, electricity drinking water &Hospital) of Odisha Share this article Review of Economic Development after 75 years of Independence . Odisha is located on the eastern side of India. It is the 8th largest state by area and the 11th largest state by population. The state has the third-largest population of Schedule tribes in India. The neighbour states are West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. Odisha has a coastline of about 485 KM. Along with the Bay of Bengal. The official language of Odisha is Odia. Odisha state was founded on 1st APRIL, 1936. Odisha’s population is 4.76 Crore (projected) by 2021).The total area near about 1, 55,707km. The literacy rate of Odisha is 73.45%. The per capita Income of Odisha is Rs 1,27,383. There are 30 districts in Gujarat. But in Gujarat per capita income is Rs.2, 41,707, which is double the state of Odisha, But Why? SOME OF THE IMPORTANT FEATURE OF ODISA AFTER 75 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE · Odisha hold 16th rank in Economic Development in India. · Odisha hold 10th cleanest states in India. · Odisha is 8th rank in area wise & 11th rank by population in India. · Odisha hold 29th rank in Easy doing Business in India. · Odisha GDP per capita rank 24th in India. · Odisha rank in Education is 14th in India. · Odisha rank hold 13th position in agriculture in India. · Odisha rank is 13th for health in India. · Odisha hold 19th rank in poverty eradication. · Odisha hold 36th rank in Human development Index in India. NAVEEN PATTNAIK CM OF ODISHA RULE ODISHA ( 21 YEARS) Gujarat state was created on May 1st, 1960. 25 years after Odisha state. Its area is 196,024sq km. This state is bounded by the Arabian Sea in the west and south & Pakistan by the North. The Literacy rate in Gujarat is 79.36%. The neighboring states are Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra and Rajasthan. Gandhi Nagar is the capital of Gujarat. There are 25 districts in Gujarat state. There are 242 towns in Gujarat.42.6%population live in an urban area. In Odisha, 15% of people are living in urban areas. Gujarati is the official language of Gujarat.1596Km. Coastal line in Gujarat state. “The economy of Odisha is the 16th largest state economy in India. Odisha’s rank is 32nd among Indian states in the Human Development Index.”.The population is 4.76 Crore. “The Gujarat Economy is the 5th largest in India .21st among the Indian states in the human development state in India. The population is 7.15Crore as per (projected) in 2021 record.” Top 10 important points described in detail, why Odisha does not develop after 75 years of Independence. 1. Employment opportunities in Odisha As per the CMIE survey report Unemployment in Odisha is 23.8% in April 2020. Whereas Gujarat Unemployment rate is 13.6%. The state of Gujarat has no mineral resources like Odisha, but the state is the number one Manufacturing hub of India. In Gujarat the manufacturing hub is possible due to the mass growth of Industrialisation by the people of Gujarat and the collaboration of the Gujarat Government. The economic survey of India 2021-22 tabled in the Parliament, that large scale of loss of jobs in Odisha in 2021 nearly 32.6%, which is the highest in India. Unemployment has been a perennial problem in the state of Odisha for 2-3 decades due to slow economic growth in manufacturing sectors & service sectors in the state of Odisha. Neither the Industrialist in the state of Odisha nor the Government of Odisha has taken any significant initiatives to develop the opportunities for the young generation(educated mass) of the state of Odisha. For this lot of young generation leave the own state and go for work for their lively hood in the state of Gujarat, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra etc. There is 2461 industries large, Medium and small scale operating in Odisha. But, in Gujarat, there are 43721 industries large, medium and small scale factories. There are 18.35 lakhs employed in 2018. Acute Unemployment problems in Odisha after 75 years of Independence. MY REVIEW:-There are no eye-catching employment opportunities in Odisha for2-3 decades due to a lack of knowledge of improvement of industrialisationin state of Odisha by the odia politicians & Odia Industrialists. I am sorry to say that, after 75 years of Independence, our young boys& girls are not getting jobs in their own state even though they are highly skilled and educated. In the Private sector of Odisha, nearly 90% of staff working are non-odiafamily 2. Education of the Odisha:- In Odisha, 35,928 primary schools provide education at the elementary level.There is 6193 Govt. And aided secondary schools, 849 recognised High schools and 151 permitted High schools in the state. There are 197 engineering colleges in Odisha.There are 7 medical colleges in Odisha The IIM of Sambalpur is in the17th rank all over India.IIM in Odisha was established in 2015, after 55 years of IIM Ahmedabad. The Gujarat IIM rank is the highest top 1 in India which is established in 1961. In Odisha, there are 31174 seats available in 93 engineering colleges in Odisha. Only 11,745 seats are filled, some engineering colleges have not even enrolled 10% of students. Engineering students in Odisha unemployed due to the non-availability of job opportunities in Odisha. There are 257 Engineering colleges in Gujarat. There is 32 Medical college in Gujarat. There is 170 MBA college in the state of Gujarat. Gujarat’s literacy rate is 79.3%. There are 9,44,432 Primary schools in Gujarat Future of Odisha On line education failure due to non availablity Internet facility 80% of rural areas. MY REVIEW:-Odisha’s Education system is very poor as compared to Gujarat state education policy after the completion of 75 years of Independence. Our Government should take necessary steps to develop the education systems & Internet facilities in rural areas in Odisha . There are more good colleges & schools should established with skill full knowledge to the students of odisha to achieve the job opportunity in India. 3. Culture & Festivals of the Odisha:- Odisha has a glorious tradition of music & dance. The ancient temple walls speak of Odisha,s rich musical heritage. Odissi Music is famous classical music all over the world. Apart from the classical Odissi, Chhau is also a prominent dance in the world of Odisha music and dance. It is the dance of warriors to the accomplishment of indigenous music instruments. Odisha is the confluence of the Aryan, Dravidian and Adivasi cultures. The main festivals of Odisha are, Raja Parba, Chandan Yatra, Snana Yatra, Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Diwali& Nua Khai are celebrated all over the state of Odisha Holi, Maharam Id, and Christmas are also observed in the state of Odisha. Odisha is very rich in its culture. The art and crafts of Odisha are famous all over the world. The stonework, silver filigree, wood crafts, brass and bell metal, dhokra casting, horn work, Patta Chitra, paper mache, terracotta, tie and die textiles, sambalpuri saree, cotton tassar and silk are the most famous crafts in Odisha. In the state of Gujarat Garba is very famous all over the world. Garba is performed at religious and social events. Garba is the most popular dance in Gujarat. Gujarati classical music includes sugar sangeet, dayro, Natya Sangeet, Garba bhajan, sant vaani and gazals are famous. The most famous festivals of Gujarat are Navaratri, Rann Utsav, Uttaryana, Melo, Vautha Mela, Madera Dance festival, Janmashtami, Mahavir Fair& Bhadra Purnima. Famous Raja Festival in Odisha-We should publicity all over world. MY REVIEW:-Our Govt. should take all the necessary steps to save our old classical music and dance and spread our festivals all over the world to make Odisha proud in the world for arts & crafts. Gujarati people never forget their Garba dance to perform in all social and community festivals at any place in the world. But our odia people do not take such steps to give respect to their culture in Odisha neither inside the state nor outside of the state. Please remember -Your culture is your identity. Famous Sambalpuri-silk-sarees-saree-stylesod Odisha to be publicity all over the world. 4. Mining Recourses of the Odisha:- n Odisha state, all Minerals like Coal, Chromites, Iron Ore, Manganese ore and Limestone are available plenty available in the state of Odisha As per the report of the Business standard 34% of the total output of minerals is only supplied by the state of Odisha. In2016-17Odisha exported 67.5%ironore 31.8% Manganese,21.7% Limestone and 26% coal to other states.96% of chromite reserve, 92% nickel, 53% bauxite,45% manganese, 35% Iron ore 25% of coal is a reserve in Odisha. Gujarat ranks second in the working mining leases. Only Gujarat produces minerals like Agate, Chalk, and Perlite in the country. Production-wise Gujarat ranks first in Fluorite and Silica sand. Second in Bauxite, Lignite and china clay, third in Quartz. Gujarat is the principal producer of bauxite, marl, sulphur and manganese ore in the country. As per the GDP report of 2020-21, “Gujarat contributes 16.48 Lakh crore to India’s GDP. Whereas Odisha contributes only Rs5.09 Lakh crore of national GDP. Odisha mining Corporation of Odisha -Mining works in Odisha not achive the target of Gujarat after 75 years of Independence. MY REVIEW:-Though we have a huge reserve of minerals in our state Odisha, But,we could not succeed as compared to Gujarat to be the no 1 state in export in the country. Our Government & our Industrialist should take the necessary steps for the export of minerals to generate foreign revenue & employment opportunity in Odisha. 5. Infracture facilities (Railway, Road, electricity drinking water &Hospital) of Odisha Road infracture:-Gujarat state is 74,111km including National Highways 2781 km. State highways are 18,738 km.98.86 % of the road is all-weather roads asphalt Surfaced. But Odisha has only 9426 km. National high ways in 2018 and state high ways are 4138 Kilometers. The rural road has completed 2,33,790 Kilometers in Odisha by 2018. Whereas in Gujarat 38, 72,317 Kilometer completed Airport:- There is 13 domestic airport in Gujarat. 1 International airport in Ahmedabad. There are 14 domestic Airports in Odisha and one International airport. Railway network:-Gujarat has is 5320 km. long railways infracture. But Odisha has only 2652 Kilometre of a long railway line. Odisha village-road not yet pacca road after 75 years of independence Electricity power:-Gujarat state electricity generation is 13500MW. Over 18000 villages in Gujarat supplied 24 hours -3 phase electricity. Under jyotirgam Yojana. Odisha currently has 2500MW of power from the state generation station. Only 1092 villages in Odisha have a 24×7 electricity supply as of 2018. Gas connection:-Gujarat is the only state in India that has 2200 km integrated gas greed operated for common people. GAIL will complete only 700 km. Pipeline by 2023. Medical facilities:-The Gujarat state currently has 13 medical colleges, 1072 primary health centres, 273 community health centres & 85 Mobile Health care hubs.There is only 7 medical college and 1218 primary health centre in Odisha. Very poor Health service facililites for village people in Odishaafter comeletion of 75 years of Independence. Drinking Water:-As per the census of 2011, the majority of households (86%) of the state of Gujarat have drinking water facilities through tap water. But in Odisha, only Bhubaneswar & Puri have 24×7 clean drinking water facilities. A population of 7-8 Lakhs in Odisha has no access to safe drinking water even at the point of time, including in the summer. In Odisha, 96 Lakhs of households in the state have access to safe drinking water. Drinking water facilities in the rural odisha not achive at least 10% after completion of 75 years of Independence. MY REVIEW:-I am sorry to say that, after 75 years of Independence; now wehave no primary facilities in the state (e.g.) drinking water, electricity,Medical facilities & roads in fracture. Our Government should take theNecessary steps to develop all the Infracture facilities in Odisha. Odisha with its abudent natural resourses -Minerials, River, Forest,sea and plenty of natural fertile land-It is still stuck in the morass of abject poverty and under development after 75 years of Independence.Orissa rank is very low among the Indian states.It has became the poorest state in India.The country.Large proportion of the people are in very poor living condition. FAQ:-Question1:-Why Odisha is famous in the world?Answer1:- Odisha is famous for its heritage sites and enthralling natural views. From sea beaches to pilgrimages sites, Odisha offers a lot of sightseeing opportunities to travelers from across the globe. Moreover, the Puri Beach Festival, Konark Festival and many more monuments of Odisha, attracts tourists to Odisha.Question2:-What is GDP of Odisha in Fy21-22?Answer2:-The Gross state domestic products (GSDP) of Odisha in 21-22 is Rs.5,8600 Crore.Question3:-What is position of Odisha in India as far as economic development?Answer3:-Odisha population is 4,19,74,218.GDP is Rs. 5,86 Lakh Crore. GDP rank is 16th Position in India, which is very low.GDP per Capita Income is Rs1,27,383.Unemployment is 1.7%(Nov-2020).Question4:-What is the Export position of ODISHA in our country?Answer4:-Odisha has bagged 5th position in overall ranking in NITI Aayog’s Export Prepareedness Index 2020.Question5:-Top 10 state in India highest Income from Tourism?Answer5:-The top 10 states in terms of domestic tourists visits (in million) during2020wereTamilNadu(140.65)UttarPradesh(86.12)Karanataka(77.45)Andhra Pradesh(70.83) Telengana (40.00)Maharashtra(39.23), West Bengal(28.84)Madhya Pradesh(23.52) Gujarat(19.46) and Punjab(19.69). You May Like more Article :-1.https://odiyadigitalworld.com/10-ideas-to-make-money-online-from-home-in-2022/2.https://odiyadigitalworld.com/top-10-indian-street-food-business-is-the-taste-of-india/3.https://odiyadigitalworld.com/top-10-e-learning-companies-in-india-2022/ (opens in a new tab)(opens in a new tab)(opens in a new tab)(opens in a new tab) Share this article Post navigation India@75: Journey of Indian Economic Achievements since 1947. Review of Odisha’s Development after 75 years of Independence.