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Agriculture is the world’s oldest profession. It is the main source of life sustenance for human beings.

Odisha was born as a separate state on 1st April 1936. The population of Odisha state is 4, 19, and 74,218. Its area is about 1, 55,707 Square Km. There are 30 districts, 314 Blocks and 317 Tsahalis. Bhubaneswar is the capital of Odisha.

Agriculture is defined as the process of crops cultivation and raising of livestock animals for producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products.

In Odisha, the agriculture sector is the major contributor to the state economy. Approximately 76% of the total working population in Odisha is engaged with the agriculture sector.

Agricultural growth is important not only for ensuring food security and reduction of poverty in rural areas but also for sustainable growth of the National economy.

Odisha stands for its ancient glory and modern Endeavour. It is bounded by nature by 482 km of coastline with virgin beaches, serpentine rivers, mighty waterfalls, forest and blue hills of Eastern Ghats.

The state is bounded by the bay in the east, West Bengal in the northeast, Bihar in the north, Madhya Pradesh in the west and Andhra Pradesh in the south.

Odia is the mother tongue of Odisha state. Rice, Dal and vegetables are the principal diets of Odisha people.

Capcicum Vegetable in India
Capcicum Vegetable in India

The four major rivers flow through Odisha. (1) River Mahanadi is the sixth-largest
river in India. It spread over 141600 sq kilometers.,(2)The Brahmani is thesecond largest river in Odisha. It spreads near about 39,033 sq miles(3)TheBaitarani spread over 12790 sq km. (4)The Subarnarekha river spread over 19500square km.

Odisha is endowed with vast resources ofa variety of minerals and occupies a prominent place in the country as amineral-rich state.Odisha is full of reserves of high-gradeiron ore, Bauxite, Chromites, Manganese along with coal, Limestone, Dolomite, Nickels,Graphite, Diamond & gemstone.

The main vegetable cultivated in Odisha like Tomato, Cabbage,Cauliflower, Carrot, Beat, Pea, Beans, Potato, Brinjal, Bhendi, cucumber, watermillion and Guards.

 Asper the report of the National Horticulture Database published by the  National Horticulture  Board, during 2019-20, India produces 99.07Million metric Ton of fruits and 191.77 Million metric Ton of vegetables.

Odisha is the 7th largest producer of Vegetables  of India.It contributing 4.9% of total
vegetables  production  in India.Odisha produce around 8.8MMT   of vegetables in the year

Some major vegetables grown in Odishainclude Brinjal (18.1%), Tomato (11.2%), Cabbage(5.9%), Okra (5.6%),cauliflower(4.3%), Onion (3.3%) and sweet potato (2.5%). These vegetablesrepresent three-fourths of the total vegetable production in ODISHA.

West Bengal as the Top State invegetable production in 2018-19, second is Uttar Pradesh. West Bengal produced 29.55milliontones(mt)of vegetables in (2020-21).

West Bengal is the number one state in the list of ten states inIndia based on vegetable production.
West Bengal is the  largest producer of  fresh vegetables in India. The vegetables
grown in large quantities here are cabbage, Cucurbits, Brinjal, Tomato andcauliflower.

In Fruits production  Andhra Pradesh continued to hold 1stposition in fruits with 17.61 million metric tons followed byMaharashtra(10.82mt) & Uttar Pradesh is (10.65)Million metric tons.

There is 93 type of healthy and nutritious vegetables areproduced in Ind

Coloured-Cauliflowers Vegetables in India
Coloured-Cauliflowers Vegetables in India

Why Odisha’s vegetable productivity is poor in India?

After 75 years of Independence, Odisha state is far behind other developed states of Odisha.

In Odisha plenty of resources like minerals, soil, river forest which is very abundant in Odisha but not exploited adequately for the income generation activities of the people of Odisha.

Odisha ranks very low among the Indian states in terms of per capita income.Odisha is become the poor state of the country.

A large proportion of people in the state have very poor living conditions even time meals are also not available to them.

Even the people of Odisha are also not self-sufficient to produce vegetables in the state. State depends on Andhara Pradesh and West Bengal for vegetables. But Why?

As per the report, in 1999-2000 low poverty line of people in Odisha is 47.15% as compared to India 26.10%.

The per capita availability of cultivated land was 0.39 hectors in 1950-51 which is decline to 0.13 hectors in 2007-2008.

During 2000-2001 there were 40.67 lakh operational holdings in the state out of which marginal and small holding s is 83.8% and medium is 15.9% and large farmers are below 1%.

Out of cultivated are of 61.80lakh hectors about 34% is under irrigated condition and 66% is under unirrigated during Kharif.

As per the agriculture report, our state produces 2.28 lakh metric tons of edible oils against an annual need of 2.48 lakh metric tons. The balance is exported from Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh.

An annual average of 2.94 lakh MT of potato is produced in the state every year, while the annual need is 12.20metric tons.

Odisha meets its potato need by importing balances from neighboring state West Bengal.

Odisha employs about 73% of its population in farming. They contribute only around 30% to the Net Domestic Product as an agrarian economy.

Spice Green chilly vegetable in India
Spice Green chilly vegetable in India

TOP 15 Major Problems faced by Farmers in Odisha

1. There is no improvement in farmers and their productivity since 75 years of Independence.

 2. Lack of Storge facilitate (cold storage) in Odisha to keep surplus production.

3. Very Poor Irrigation facilities of farmers’ land.

4. Very small and Fragmented Holdings of Land.

5. No policy’s implemented at village level by the Govt. to dealing with middleman or local traders.

6. Lack of enthusiasm of people to do work in the field due to supply of Rice & wheat by the Govt at the cheap rate since a long time for acquiring vote.

7. Lack of modern equipment & training to do farming.

8. Lack of electricity supply to the farmers for Irrigation in time.

9. Lack of water harvesting system in Odisha.

10. Young masses of Odisha are not interested to do any farming work in their village rather they are interested to do Dadan outside of Odisha.

11. Though Odisha is an agricultural state in India, our political parties are not taken an interest to develop our farmers.

12. Govt. has not taken any boost up for marketability of the production of vegetable through imports & exports.

13There is no financial support given by our banker to small & marginal farmers of Odisha.

14. Our Govt.  Agriculture department has not taken any massive action to boost agriculture all over the states.

15 There is no farmers training programmed in the village to develop productivity.

Tamoto is most fabourable vegetable for All
Tamoto is most fabourable vegetable for All

Coconut cultivation in Odisha:-

Odisha enjoys about 540km. of coastal belt, which is most suitable for coconut plantation. The productivity of such production is very less than the crops in traditional areas. Odisha is not self sufficient in coconut production till today.

Andhra Pradesh has been selling coconut and tender coconuts to Telangana and various north Indian states.

The Local traders are buying coconut from farmers and selling them to states like Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.

Andhra Pradesh only 440sq miles of the coastal belt but Odisha state have 450 Square miles of the coastal belt. It is shocking to me why Odisha is not self-sufficient to produce coconut.

Vegetable production in Odisha

As per the report of the Director of Research of the Anand Agricultural University of Gujarat Dr.K.BKatheria states that India’s diverse climate ensures the availability of all varieties of fresh fruits and vegetables.

India , produces nearly 15 and 11 per cent of the world’s fruit and vegetable respectively. India  is the largest producer of many fruits and vegetables in the world.

Due to increasing global demand for fruits and vegetables, India has tremendous export opportunities to grow productivity of vegetables  for export.

According to Anand Agricultural University Report:-India export compared to other countries is very small. According to the World Fact Book of the CIA( Central Intelligence Agency) of the USA, China ranked first with 2252 Billion  USD during the year 2014.

European Union (2173) MillionUSDand USA(1610) Billion USD, India ranked 17th   position with 343 Billion USD during the year in 2014.

Coconut-cultivation in India.
Coconut-cultivation in India.

What are the factors required to improve Vegetable Production in Odisha?

Success in Vegetable production whether it is organic or not is greatly dependent on a well thought out plant.

Key factors should be carefully considered during the planning stage of the farming operation.

1. Site Selection:-Site selection minimizes the problems of the essence of all farming operations.

This is one of the most effective means of reducing potential problems through proper site selection. Three points should be considered when selecting the field to produce the vegetable.a) field topography) Soil Type. c) Water availability)Site selection.

2. Field Topography:-Topography refers to the physical characteristics of the overall field and includes such conditions as contour, soil depth, water and air drainage and the presence of rock outcropping trees.

3. Soil type of Quality:-Soil type refers to the physical composition or properties of the soil. Soils consist of decomposed mineral water(sand, silt and clay) decomposed organic matter. Optimum vegetables are production achieved on well-drained sandy loom soils.

4. Water:-Water is the lifeblood of vegetable production. Vegetable crops generally require more total water and more frequent irrigation than other agronomic crops. Water quality is also most important selecting a field site water source.

5. Pest control system:-Pest control is also the most important factor which affects the productivity of Vegetables.

6.Marketiblity:-Most vegetable crops are highly perishable, they need to develop the market. Improvising profitability a producer must have a well thought out production and marketing plan based on sound scientific business principles. There should be a proper warehouse system or cold storage should be set up for marketing the vegetables.

7. Govt. Policy:-At last Govt should stop the cheap rate rice and wheat supply to Backward & OBC class of people. Govt. should take steps for proper training system village wise and keep always watching for the marketability of the product.

GO Young Eat Vegetables Daily
GO Young Eat Vegetables Daily


Vegetables are necessary for human health due to their Vitamin A, minerals and dietary fibre content. Vitamin A, C and E play a vital role in human health. The nutrient and non-nutrient molecules in vegetables reduce the risk of chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes, obesity and hyperactivity etc.


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I am Ajay Kumar Patra. ( & MBA-Finance) with 27years of Accounts & Taxation Experience in Large Manufacturing Units in India. In 2021 I started my own tax consultancy firm called “Ajay Tax consultant”. I started my Digital marketing on my website "".I have already published more than 100 Blogs on Business, Finance, startups, Digital marketing & Tours & Travel for my viewers.

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