Why Integrated Fish Farming Business system is important for growth of economy?
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Integrated Fish Farming is important for Indian society because Fish is an important source of omega -3 fatty acids. Eating fish is an essential nutrient that keeps our hearts and brain healthy.

Omega-3 and fatty acids found in fish are EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). Our bodies do not produce omega-3 fatty acids, so we must get them through the food we eat.


Vital protin found  such as Vitamin V-12 in fish .It is crucial for the growth of healthy red blood cells, DNA reproduction, and nerve function of our human body. This is also helpful for  heart disease  for Consuming enough vitamin B-12.


Fish consumption helps us to improve our health. Fish are very  rich in  fat known as omega fatty acids. These fats are very important for maintaining brain of our body.


Omega 3 fatty acids have been firmly linked to a reduction in symptoms of depression. Omega fatty acids  also  help  with the increased effectiveness of some anti-depression of humankind. These fats help your brain function more efficiently.

Why Integrated Fish Farming Business system is important for growth of economy?
Aquaculture-eco-clean-fish-farming in India-2022

Production of Fish in India:-

The total fish production during  FY 2020-21, is estimated at 14.73 million metric tonnes. According to the National Fisheries Development Board information ,  the Fisheries industry in India generates export earnings of Rs. 334.41 billion.


India is the second-largest fish-producing country in the world. According to 7.56% global production, India produces fish 7.45%. 

China is the largest fish-producing country in the world, with an annual production of 58.8 million metric tons. China remain in the. one position in fish production for the past few years.


The highest consumption of fish at the EU level is observed in Portugal(61.5) kg. per head, while other than the (EU), the top consumer is Korea(78.5) kg. followed by Norway (66.6) kg per head. The global per-head consumption is 22.3 Kg.


The average per capita fish consumption in India is 9 Kg. per annum against the global per capita, fish consumption is 16 kg. The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends consuming at least 12 kg of fish in a year.


What is meant by Integrated Fish Farming:-


Nowadays, the economy is mainly based on the field of agriculture and software development in the area of Information and Technology. For achieving rapid progress in rural areas our strategy must focus on, conserving natural resources, enhancing the efficient use of resources, increasing productivity, and improving the quality and competitiveness through a reduced unit cost of production.


Integrated Fish Farming(IFF) is one of the best examples of mixed farming for Farmers. This type of farming practice in different forms mostly in East and South East Asian countries


It  is one of the important ecologically balanced sustainable technologies.This technology involves a combination of fish polyculture integrated with crop or livestock production.


 Integrated fish farming is highly advantageous to farmers as it improves the economy of production and decreases the adverse environmental impact of farming.


Integrated fish farming is a system of producing fish in combination with other agricultural/livestock farming operations centered around the fish pond.


Integrated fish farming provides fish along with meat( chicken, duck, beef, pork, etc), milk, vegetables, fruits eggs, grains, fooder, mushrooms, etc. This practice has the potential to increase the production and socio-economic status of the weaker of the society.


A recent study by the UN( United Nation) shows that aquaculture can improve food security and nutrition by increasing the amount of seafood available for people to eat. Aquaculture increases food production and boosts economic growth in coastal and rural areas.


The most popular fish in India are:-Indian Salmon, Rohu, Mackerel, Pink Perch, Hilsa, Doi Maach, Amritsari Fish & smoked Hilsa.

Why Integrated Fish Farming Business system is important for growth of economy?

Advantages of Integrated Fish Farming:-

  • Efficient waste utilization from different cultural practices for fish production.
  • It reduces the additional cost of supplementary feeding as well as fertilization
  • It is an artificially balanced ecosystem where there is no waste.
  • It provides more employment opportunities.
  • It reduces the Input and increases the output and economic efficiency.
  • Integrated fish farming provides fish along with meat ( chicken, duck, beef, pork, etc) milk, vegetables, fruits, eggs, grain, fodder, mushroom, etc.
  • This practice has the potential to increase the production and socio-economic status of weaker sections of our society.


Types of Integrated Fish Farming:-


There are two types of Integreated Fish Farming(IFF).


1. Agri-based Fish Farming:-


a)Paddy cum fish culture:- In India, this farming is practiced in the states of Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha, and Assam where enough water is present in the paddy fields.


The paddy fields retain water for 3-8 months a year. The interest in this practice has declined in recent years due to the use of heavy pesticides to protect high-yielding varieties of paddy.


b) Horticulture cum Fish Farming:- The horticulture –cum –fish farming system includes the culture of fruits, vegetables, and flowers on the embankment of the pond.


Fruits and vegetables contain various nutritive elements and the Indian Council of Medical Research has recommended 85 g of fruits & 300 gm of vegetables to consume daily.


The fruit crop which can be used are Mango, Banana, Papaya, Coconut, Lime, etc and the vegetables like Brinjal, Tomato, Cucumber, Guards, Carrot, Raddish, Spinach, Peas, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Ladies finger can be grown according to their season throughout the year.


We can use the plants like Rose, Jasmine, Gladius, Marigold, Chrysanthemum, etc, which provides additional Income to the farmer and the beauty of the farm. This system provides 20-25% more return in comparison to aquaculture alone.


2. Live stock Fish Farming:-


a)Poultry –cum fish farming:-This system utilizes poultry droppings of fully built-up poultry litter for fish culture. The fish production in this farming is  obtained is about 5000 kg /ha/yr. with 1250 kg chicken meat and 70,000 no of eggs. Approximately 500-600 no of birds is reached in a 1 ha. Pond. 


In India, it is practiced in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Kerala, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu & Odisha.


b)Duck-cum-fish culture:- The duck are commonly called biological aerators. They are reared on the dyke of the pond in a low–cost house. This farming is practiced in Tamil Nadu, Assam, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Tripura, Odisha, Karnataka, and Uttarpradesh.


About 300 no of ducklings (some spp. Are reared 450-500 in no) is reared to fertilize the 1 ha. Of pond. The duck not only acts as a live aerator by splashing water with its webbed feet but also controls the aquatic weed(Leema, Azolla).


The total production from such type of culture is about 3500-5000 kg fish, 18000-18500 eggs, and 6000 kg duck meat. The duck droppings are used as manure for primary production.


C) Pig cum-Fish culture:-This system has certain advantages over others. The 30-35 pig waste may produce 1 mt. of Ammonium Sulphate.40-45 pigs are adequate to fertilize 1 ha. Water area under polyculture. Each pig requires about 3-4sq.floor space.


This IIF system of integration is very common  outside  the country  like in China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Hungary, and some European countries.


The white Yorkshire, Hampshire, and Landrace are the popular breed of pig for integration with fish.This system provides about 3000-4000 kg/ha/yr fish, 4500 kg /yr meat, and 800 no of piglets every year.


d) Cattle-cum-fish culture:-It is common practice all over the world. Cow excreta is most abundant in terms of availability and the healthy cow may excrete over 4000-5000 kg. dungs and 3500-4000 liters of urine on an annual basis.


The BOD of cow manure is lower than livestock manure. About 5-6 cows can provide adequate manure for 1 ha pond in addition to 9000 kg milk and about 3000-4000 kg fish annually.  


e) Goat-cum fish Integration farming:-Goat excertia is considered a very good organic fertilizer. The goat excertia contains organic carbon 60%, N-2.7%, P-1.78%, and K-2.88% and its urine is also equally rich in both N& P. At least 50-60 goats are essential to fertilizer for a 1-ha pond. 


The goats should be always kept  with a dry, safe, comfortable house protected from excessive heat. The goat breeds are Jamanapari, Beetal, and Barbari for milk, and Bengal, Sirohi, and Deccani are used for meat purposes.


Goats are consume Berseem, Napier, Cowpea, and Soyabean.This integration can provide you with 3500-4000 kg fish/ha/year without supplementary feeding and fertilizer.

Why Integrated Fish Farming Business system is important for growth of economy?

How the Govt. of India helps Fish farming:- 

The National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development is a government that set up financial institutions to support rural development and sustainable agriculture in the country.


The best part is the government provides Rs. 3 Lac at an affordable interest rate. The government also provides insurance for fish farming.


The PM Matsya Sampad Yojana:- benefits fish farming, fish sellers, farmer producer organization, cooperatives, entrepreneurs and private firms, fisheries associations, fisheries development corporations, etc. People working in this field can avail this opportunity under the Kisan Credit Card scheme.These people can get an instant loan for fish farming.


Mudra Loan for Fish Farming:- Mudra Loan is lunch by the Govt. of India. It is offering business loans and MSME loans up to Rs. 10 Lacs. This loan provide to  Individuals, business owners, enterprises, and self-employed persons. This scheme requires no security from borrowers through banks /NBFC. The repayment period is 0-5 years.


How the Govt. of Odisha helps Fish farming in the state:-


Odisha Government introduces  Fish pond Yojana to promote fish farming in the state. According to this plan, a farmer with requisite land can get a bank loan of Rs.8.5 Lakh per hectare for the excavation of a new tank.


So the government can provide a maximum of 50% of the total cost of Rs. 4.25 Lakh per hectare as subsidy money.Odisha  state of produces  appx. 6 lac Mt. fish ( both marine & freshwater) annually.


Out of the total production, the freshwater production is 3.93 Lac mt. But the state of Odisha consumes more freshwater fish than seafood. So the Odisha state imports fish from another state 40,000 mt. freshwater fish from the neighboring state.


Some of the common native fish abundantly available in Odisha are belong to genera Labeo, Cirrhinus, Garra, Hypselobarbus, Catla, and Clarius are very popular in the state of Odisha.




Integrated fish farming in India is gaining massive popularity with a lot of profit, which was not possible when performed conventionally. It is very important for the sustainable development of farmers to improving yield, economic return, employment generation, nutritional security, and livelihood.


Integrated Fish Farming (IFF) generates more revenues for employment, it reduces the input and increases output and economic efficiency.IFF provides fish, milk, vegetable, fruits, fodder, eggs, grains & mushroom, etc.IFF has enough potential for rural livelihood & socio-economic status.


Fishing in India is a major sector within the economy of India. It is only contributing 1.07% of its total GDP. The fishing sector of India supports the the livelihood of over 28 million people in the country.


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I am Ajay Kumar Patra. ( M.com & MBA-Finance) with 27years of Accounts & Taxation Experience in Large Manufacturing Units in India. In 2021 I started my own tax consultancy firm called “Ajay Tax consultant”. I started my Digital marketing on my website "www.odiyadigitalworld.com".I have already published more than 100 Blogs on Business, Finance, startups, Digital marketing & Tours & Travel for my viewers.

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