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World’s famous Diwali -Diwali  (or Deepavali in Sanskrit literally means “a row of lights”. This five-day festival, which is the biggest in India. This honors the victory of good over evil and brightness over darkness.

In North India, it celebrates the return of Bhagaban Rama and his wife Sita to their kingdom of Ayodha. Bhagaban Ramachandra and monkey god Hanumanji defeat of demon Ravana and rescue Sita from his evil clutches on Dussehra.

In South India, the festival is related to the defeat of the demon Narakasura. It is a one-day celebration known as Deepavali.

VeryHappy Diwali to All
very happy Diwali to All

Diwali Festival Date in 2021:-

The festival is based on the Hindu lunar calendar and takes place in October or November. In 2021, Diwali commences with Dhanteras on November 2. It concludes on November 6th. The main celebrations are on November 4, 2021.

How is Diwali festival Celebrate:-

The first day is known as Dhantaras, marks the start of Diwali.” Dhan” means wealth, and “tears” refer to the 13th day of the lunar fortnight on the Hindu calendar.

Lord Dhanvantari, the Hindu God of medicine and an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is said to have brought Ayurveda and nectar of immortality to mankind on this day.

Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of prosperity was born from the churning of the ocean on this day. Homes are cleaned and readied to welcome maa Laxmi. Gold and other metals including kitchen utensils are traditionally purchased on Diwali.

The second day is called Naraka Chaturdasi in south India or Choti Diwali (Little Diwali) in North India. Rangoli (Hindu or folk art) is created in doorways and country wars of homes and people start bursting crackers. Lord Krishna and Goddess Kali are believed to have destroyed the demon Narakasura.

Happy Diwali to All-

On the third day and main day(Diwali day), lots of small clay lamps ( called Diya’s) and candles are lit and placed in houses. Fireworks are also let off everywhere, giving Diwali its name of “ Festival of Lights”.

Families gather together and perform the Laxmi Puja and give each other gifts and sweets. Kali puja is usually also celebrated on this day in West Bengal, Odisha, and Assam.

The fourth day is Govardhan Puja day. Merchants in Gujarat open fresh accounts for the new year and offer prayers. Gobardhan puja is celebrated in North India, to commemorate Lord Krishna’s defeat of Indra, the Rain God.

In Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Tamilnadu. The victory of Lord Vishnu over demon king Bali is celebrated as Bali Pratpada or Bali Padyami.

Despite his shortcoming, he was actually a good king and much loved by the people, so Vishnu allowed him to return once a year to visit them. Kerala’s Onam festival is dedicated to welcoming the king’s return.

The fifth and last day, known as Bhai Duj is dedicated to celebrating sisters. Brothers and sisters get together and share food, to honor the bond between them.

The rituals are performed in Diwali:-

The rituals are varying according to region. However special blessings are given to Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesh, the remover of obstacles.

It is believed that Goddess Laxmi will visit every home during the Diwali period, bringing with her prosperity and good fortune. It is said that she visit every home during the Diwali period.

She visits the cleanest houses first. Therefore people make sure their houses are spotless before lighting lamps to invite her. This cleaning also symbolizes the purification of the mind to remove the negativity, clutter, and ignorance. A small statue of the goddess is worshiped in people’s homes.


History of Diwali:-

The Diwali festival is likely a fusion of harvest festivals in ancient India. It is mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as the Padma Purana and Skandha Purana both of which were completed in the 2nd half of the millennium CE.

The diyas (lamps) are mentioned in skandha Purana as symbolizing parts of the sun. It describes it as the cosmic giver of light and energy to all the life and which seasonally transitions in the Hindu calendar in the month of Kartika.

Diwali was also described by numerous travelers from outside India. In his 11th century memoir on India, the Persian traveler and historian Al Biruni wrote Deepavali being celebrated by the Hindus on the day of the New moon in the month of Kartika.

In the 16th century, Portuguese traveler Domingo Paes wrote of his visit to the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire, where the Deepavali was celebrated in October with householders illuminating their homes and temples with lamps.

Islamic, historians of the Delhi sultans and Mughal Empire era also mentioned Diwali and another Hindu festival. A few notable Mogul Emperor Akbar welcomed and participated in the festivities. But Aurangzeb in 1665 banned such festivals as Diwali and Holi in India.

British colonial era also made mention Diwali, such as the note on Hindu festival s published in 1799by Sir William jones a philologist knew for his early observations on Sanskrit and Indo European language.

In his paper on The Luna year of Hindu, based on Bengal noted four or five days of Diwali in the autumn month of the (Aswin-Kartika). Bhuta chaturdasi Yamaterpanam(2ndday), Lachmipuja dipanwita( the day of Diwali), Dyuta pratipatBelipuja(4thday), and BhartiDwitya(5thday). The Lachimipuja dipanwita, remarked jones was a great festival at night, in honor of Goddess Laxmi.

 Fireworks celebration in Diwali:-

Happy Diwali Celebration-
Happy Diwali Celebration-

The use of fireworks in celebration of Diwali, which is common in India nowadays. This has been come into existence after about 1400 AD when gun powder came to be used in Indian warfare. History of Fireworks in India between 1400 to 1900”, published in 1950.

Diwali is a family-oriented festival. The lights make it a very warm and atmospheric occasion and it is observed with much joy and happiness. However lots of noise and loud fireworks going off.

Diwali is also called “Festivals of Lights”.Diwali is associated with lights, sweets, and liveliness. As it is celebrated on the new moon (Amavasya) night, lights and fireworks have a significant role to play in the festivals.

This is why, when we heard the name of Diwali, the first impression that flashes through our minds is of multicolored and impressive fireworks, sprinkling various sorts of bright colored lights in the night sky.

Diwali festival is such that, it drifts everyone in a festive and relaxed mood even before its arrival. Temples and markets are decorated and lighted a few days before Diwali as a sign of paying homage to and welcoming this great Hindu festival.

Diwali festival also marks the beginning of the New Year according to Hindu colander, as the Aswin month ends and Kartik months begin on this day.

Besides the contemporary led-lights, candles, and fireworks, people also use the conventional earthen lamps ( diyas) for embellishing their homes. Prayers are offered to Goddess Laxmi and Bhagban Ganesh on Diwali night.

How is Diwali celebrated:-

Diwali Fire works in India
Diwali Fireworks in India

On Diwali, people do home decoration, Diya lighting, puja, shopping, fasting, gifts, fireworks, feast, and sweets, etc. Celebrants prepare by cleaning, renovating, and decorating their homes and workplaces. People wear the finest clothes.

They immuminate the interior and exterior of their homes and workplace with deep, lamps filled with vegetable oil with rangolis, with colorful arts. People perform worship ceremonies. They do puja of Laxmi, the goddess of prosperity and wealth.

They take part in worship ceremonies. They do puja of Laxshmi, the Goddess of Prosperity and wealth.

Celebration of Diwali in other religions:-

In some other religions in India, people also celebrate their respective festivals along with Diwali. The Jains celebrate their own Diwali which marks the final liberation of Mahavira.

The Sheiks celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas to mark the release of Guru Har Govind from the Mughal Empire prison. The Newar Buddhists celebrate Diwali by worshipping Lakshmi.

The Hindus in Eastern India and Bangladesh mostly celebrate Diwali, by worshipping the goddess of Kali.


Importance of famous festivals Diwali in India:-

Diwali is the most popular festival of Hinduism and it has much importance as-It symbolizes the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance.

This festival is generally associated with Laxmi puja. Goddess Laxmi is the goddess of prosperity. In many other regional traditions, it is connected to Bhagban Rama and Sita, Vishnu, Krishna, Yami, Durga and Kali, Hanuman, Kuber, Dhanvantri, or Vishvakarma.

In some regions, it is a celebration of the day on which Lord Rama returned to his home city Ayodhya, after serving 14 years of exile, defeating Ravana in Lanka. He had returned with his wife Sita and his brother Laxman to Ayodha.

 Diwali or Deepavali is also the main cultural event of Hindu, Sheikh and Jainism& Buddhism.


Diwali is also described by several foreign travelers:-

1. The Persian traveler and historian Al Barone wrote about Diwali in his 11th-century memoir on India. He wrote that Deepavali was being celebrated by Hindus on the day of the New moon in the month of Kartika.

2. The Venetian merchant and traveler Niccole “de” Conti visited India in the early 15th century. He wrote in his memories “ they fix up within their temples, and on the outside of the roofs, an innumerable number of oil lamps, which are kept burning day and night “. He also mentions that the families would gather, “Cloths themselves in new garments” with, dance and feast.

3. Domingo Paes, the 16 th century Portuguese traveler, wrote of his visit to the Hindu Vijayanagar Empire. According to him, there Deepavali was celebrated in October with householders illuminating their homes, and their temples with lamps.

4. Islamic historians of the Delhi Sultan and Moghal Empire era also wrote about Diwali and other Hindu festivals. A few Mughal emperors particularly Akbar, welcomed and participated in the festivities, whereas other emperors banned Indian festivals in Diwali and Holi. Aurangzeb did so.

5. Publication from the British colonial era also mentioned Diwali, Sir William Jones, a philologist who is known for his early observations in Sanskrit and Indo-European languages published in 1799.

6. In the early 13th century Sanskrit stone inscription, written in the Devnagari script has been found. It has been found in the north end of the mosque pillar in Jalore, Rajasthan. It was evidently built using materials from a demolished Jain temple.

Significance of Diwali in Jainism:-

According to Jain tradition, Diwali is celebrated as “Mahavira Nirvana Divas”. People of the Jain community consider that it was the day on which Lord Mahavir gave up his physical body and attained final nirvana, salvation.

Their practice of celebration is similar to the Hindu Diwali, such as the cleaning of home and workplace, the lighting of Deeps, and offering of prayers to Lakshmi. However, the focus of people in Jainism remains on the dedication to Mahavira.

As per the Jain tradition, the practice of lighting lamps first began on the day of the Mahavir’s nirvana in 527 BCE. When 18 kings who had gathered for the Mahavir’s first teachings issued a proclamation that lamp is lit in remembrance of the great light, Mahavira.

This traditional belief of the origin of Diwali.

Significance of Diwali Sikhism:-

Sikh celebrates Bandi Chhor Divas in remembrance of the release of Guru Hargobind Singhji from the Gwalior Fort prison by the Mughal emperor, Jahangir and the day arrived at the Golden Temple in Amritsar.

According to J.S . Grewal, a scholar of Sikhism and Sikh history, Diwali in the Sikh tradition is older than the Sixth Guru Hargobind legend. Guru Amar Das, the third Guru of the Sikhs built a well in Goindwal with eighty-four steps and invited Sikhs to bathe in its sacred water on Baisakhi and Diwali as a form of community bonding.

Over time, these spring and autumn festivals became the most important of the Sikh festival and holy sites.

Significance of Diwali in Buddhism:-

Diwali is not a festival for most Buddhist, with the exception of the Newer people of Nepal who revere various deities in the Vajrayana Buddhism and celebrate Diwali by offering prayers to Lakshmi.

Nepalese valleys also celebrate the Diwali festival over five days. In the same as Hindu celebrate. According to some observers, this traditional celebration by Newer Buddhists in Nepal through worship of Laxmi and Vishnu during Diwali.

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I am Ajay Kumar Patra. ( M.com & MBA-Finance) with 27years of Accounts & Taxation Experience in Large Manufacturing Units in India. In 2021 I started my own tax consultancy firm called “Ajay Tax consultant”. I started my Digital marketing on my website "www.odiyadigitalworld.com".I have already published more than 100 Blogs on Business, Finance, startups, Digital marketing & Tours & Travel for my viewers.

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