Tuesday, June Tue, 2024




The MSME Loan Scheme for 2024 has emerged as a beacon of support for these enterprises, addressing their financial needs and fostering growth. 

In 2024, India's Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) stand at the forefront of economic vitality, contributing significantly to employment and entrepreneurship.

This blog post explores the contours of this scheme, delving into eligibility criteria, interest rates, and government initiatives aimed at empowering MSMEs. 


Definition of MSME:

Union Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises has issued a Gazette, with the definition and criteria of MSMEs in the country. The new definition and criterion will be effective from 1st July 2020.


The revision in the MSME Definition was announced in the Atmnirbhar Bharat packages on 13th May 2020.As per  this announcement, the definition of :


Micromanufacturing and services units were increased to Rs. 1 Crore of Investment and Rs. 5Crore of turnover.

The limit of small units was increased to Rs. 10 Crore of investment and Rs. 50 Crore turnover.

The limit for Medium Enterprises now will be Rs. 50 Crore of Investment and Rs.250 Crore of turnover.

All enterprises are required to register online on the Udyam Registration Portal and obtain a” Udyam Registration Certificate” or “ MSME CERTIFICATE”


Overview of MSME Loan schemes in India: -

In India, Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) have access to various loan schemes aimed at fostering growth and sustainability. 

The government, in collaboration with financial institutions, offers MSMEs tailored financing solutions. 

Schemes like the Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE), and MSME Business Loans provide financial support. 

These initiatives aim to ease the financial burden, promote entrepreneurship, and boost economic development.

Interest subsidies, collateral-free loans, and simplified application processes are common features, that enhance accessibility for MSMEs. These loan schemes are instrumental in nurturing the backbone of India's economy.

What are the Benefits of MSMEs

Employment Generation: MSMEs are significant contributors to employment, offering opportunities to a large segment of the population, thereby reducing unemployment rates.

Promotion of Entrepreneurship: MSMEs empower individuals to start and operate their businesses, fostering a culture of entrepreneurship and innovation.

Economic Growth: MSMEs play a crucial role in the economic growth of a country by contributing to the GDP and fostering a vibrant business ecosystem.

Innovation and Creativity:-Being agile and adaptable, MSMEs often lead in innovation, bringing new products services and processes to the market.

Regional Development:-MSMEs contribute to balanced regional development by establishing businesses in various geographical locations, reducing regional disparities.

Foreign Exchange Earnings:-Export oriented contributes to earning foreign exchange for the country enhancing economic stability.

Flexibility and Adaptability:-MSMEs  can quickly adapt to market changes, making them more resilient during economic fluctuations and uncertainties.

Social Impact:-MSMEs often engage with local communities addressing social issues and contributing to community development through various initiatives.

Inclusive Growth: MSMEs promote inclusive growth by involving a wide range of stakeholders, including women and marginalized communities in economic activities.

Different Types of MSME Loans: -

1.Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana(PMMY):


The Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) scheme was launched by the Government of India to provide financial support to small and micro enterprises in the country. 

The scheme was announced by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, in April 2015. The primary objective of PMMY is to encourage entrepreneurship and job creation by extending financial assistance to non-corporate, non-farm small/micro enterprises.

Here are some key features of the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana:


PMMY categorizes loans into three stages, known as "Shishu," "Kishor," and "Tarun," each catering to different stages of business growth. 

Shishu covers loans up to Rs. 50,000, Kishor covers loans above Rs. 50,000 and up to Rs. 5 lakh, and Tarun covers loans above Rs. 5 lakh and up to Rs. 10 lakh.

Financial Institution:-Loans under PMMY are provided by various financial institutions such as banks, non-banking financial companies (NBFCs), and microfinance institutions.

Collateral Loan:-One of the notable features of PMMY is that the loans are collateral-free, which means borrowers do not need to provide any security or collateral to avail themselves of the loan.

Interest rates Interest rates for loans under PMMY may vary and are determined by the lending institutions. However, the rates are generally competitive and affordable.

Eligibility Criteria: Small and micro-business owners, including shopkeepers, fruit/vegetable vendors, artisans, women entrepreneurs, and other individuals engaged in manufacturing, processing, trading, and service sectors are eligible to apply for Mudra loans.

Application Procedure:-Applicants can approach various financial institutions, including public sector banks, private sector banks, and NBFCs, to apply for Mudra loans. The application process is designed to be simple and accessible to encourage wider participation.

Use of funds obtained through Mudra loans can be used for various business-related purposes, including working capital requirements, purchase of machinery and equipment, and business expansion.

Monitoring and Implementation implementation and monitoring of PMMY are carried out by the Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Ltd., a subsidiary of the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI).

2. Prime Minister’s  Employment Generation Programme(PMEGP):-


The Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme( PMEGP) is a credit-linked subsidy program implemented by the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises(MSME)Government of India.

The objective aims to generate sustainable employment opportunities in rural as well as urban areas by promoting enterprises.

Nature of the Assistant program provides financial assistance in the form of a subsidy to individuals or entities setting up new micro-enterprises or expanding existing ones.

Coverage covers a wide range of economic activities, including manufacturing services and agro-based sectors.

Beneficiaries:-Individuals, self-help groups(SHGs), registered institutions and Khadi and village industries institutions are eligible to avail of the benefits under PMEGP.

Project The project cost is divided into two components project cost and margin money. The extent of the subsidy is based on the location of the project and the category of the entrepreneur.

Subsidy Structure: For general category beneficiaries in rural areas, the subsidy is generally higher compared to urban areas. A special category such as SC/ST/OBC/Women/Minorities/Ex-servicemen/Physically Handicapped are eligible for higher subsidies.

Credit Linked:-The assistant under PMEGP is provided in the form of a margin money subsidy. The remaining project cost is to be financed by the lending institutions (banks).

Implementing Agencies:-Khadi and Village Industries Commission ( KVIC) at the national level, State Khadi and Village Industries Board (KVIB) at the state level and District Industries Centres (DIC) at the district level are implementing agencies for the PMEGP.

It is advisable to check the official PMEGP website or contact the relevant authorities for the most up-to-date information on the program’s feature eligibility criteria and application process.

3. Credit Guarantee Trust Fund for Micro & Small Enterprises (CGTMSE): 

The Credit Grantee Trust Fund for Micro & Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) is a scheme implemented by the government of India to facilitate credit to micro and small enterprises (MSMs)without any collateral.

The Main Features of CGTMSE are as follows:-

The primary objective of CGTMSE is to provide credit guarantees to financial institutions to encourage them to extend collateral credit facilities to micro and small enterprises.

Coverage:-CGTMSE covers both new and existing micro and small enterprises engaged in manufacturing or services activities.

Size of Enterprises:- The scheme covers micro and small enterprises as defined under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development( MSMED) Act.

Credit The scheme provides coverage for both term loans and working capital facilities extended by eligible financial institutions to MSMEs.

Collateral Free:-CGTMSE facilities free credit offering credit guarantee coverage to the lending institutions, reducing their risk.

Loan Coverage: The scheme covers credit facilities up to a certain limit and the coverage is a certain percentage of the sanctioned amount. ( 85% Loan up to Rs.5 Lakh) &75%  for above Rs. 5 Lakh.

Guarantee The borrowers are required to pay a one-time guarantee fee and a service fee. The guarantee fee is based on the amount of the credit facility.

Eligiable Landing Institutions:-Banks and Financial institutions that are financial institutions that are eligible for coverage under the scheme include scheduled commercial banks, regional rural banks select financial institutions and credit institutions.

Loan Tenure: The tenure of the credit facility covered under CGTMSE can vary including term loans and working capital.

4. Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme(CLCSS):-

The Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme( CLCSS) was a scheme implemented by the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises( MSMEs) in India. The main feature of the Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme( CLCSS) included:-

The primary objective of CLASS is to facilitate technology upgradation in the MSME Sector by providing capital subsidies linked to credit availed by these enterprises for investing in modern machinery and equipment.

Eligibility:-The scheme is generally applicable to micro, small and medium enterprises(MSMEs) in the manufacturing sector.

Technology The subsidy is aimed at encouraging MSMEs to adopt newer and more efficient technology in their production process.

Credit Linked Subsidy: The subsidy is linked to the amount of the term loan or working capital limit sanctioned by the lending institutions.

Capital Subsidy:-The capital subsidy is provided to eligible enterprises for the purchase of eligible machinery and equipment.

Beneficiary Sectors:-CLCSS covers a wide range of sectors including textiles, agro and food processing, leather and footwear, electronics and more.

Implemention:-The scheme is implemented through various nodal agencies at the national and state levels, which are responsible for processing applications and disbursing subsidies.

Funding:-The scheme is typically funded through government allocations and is administered by the Ministery of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises( MSMEs)

5. Credit Guarantee Scheme for Subordinate Debt(CGSSD):-

The Credit Guarantee Scheme for Subordinate Debt(CGSSD) was a scheme introduced by the Government of India to support stressed micro, small and medium enterprises( MSMEs) by providing credit guarantee coverage for subordinate debts.

The main features of the Credit Guarantee Scheme for Subordinate Debt( CGSSD) included are:-

The primary objective of the scheme is to provide financial assistance to stressed MSMEs by facilitating a sive credit guarantee mechanism for subordinate debts.

Target Audience:- The scheme primarily targets MSMEs that are stressed or have become non-performing assets ( NPAs).

Subordinate Debt:- The scheme focuses on providing credit guarantee coverage for subordinate debts, which are debts that rank below others in terms of priority of payment in case of liquidation.

Guarantee The Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises ( CGTMSE) provides credit guarantee coverage for a portion of the default amount on the subordinate debt.

Debt Restructuring scheme aims to help MSMEs restructure their debt by providing credit support thereby improving their financial health.

Eligiablity Criteria:-MSMEs  meeting certain eligibility criteria including being stressed or classified as NPSs may apply for support under the scheme.

Guarantee The credit guarantee coverage is typically provided for a specified period and the guarantee percentage may vary based on the specific terms of the schemes.

Implemention:-The scheme is typically implemented by designated financial institutions in coordination with the Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises( CGTMSE).

6. SIDBI Make in India Loan For Enterprises (SMILE):-

The SIDBI Make in India  Loan for Enterprises( SMILE) is a financing scheme introduced by the Small Industries Development Bank of India ( SIDBI) to support the “ Make in India” initiative.

The Main features of SIDBI Make in India Loan for Enterprises ( SMILE) included:-

  • The primary objective of the SMILE scheme is to provide financial assistance to Small and Medium ( SMEs) engaged in manufacturing activities, aligning with the broader “ Make in India” campaign.
  • Target The scheme is designed to benefit small and medium-sized enterprises involved in manufacturing across various sectors.
  • Financial Assistance:-SMILE provides term loans and working capital finance to eligible enterprises to support their business expansion, technology upgradation and other manufacturing-related activities.
  • Loan Amount:- The Loan amount is determined based on the project requirements and it can include both term loans and working capital support.
  • Collateral Loans:-In some cases the scheme may offer collateral-free loans to eligible enterprises providing easier access to credit.
  • Customized Financial Solutions:-SMILE provides customised financial solutions for the specific needs and requirements of manufacturing enterprises.
  • Technology Upgradation:-SMILE may support technology upgradation in manufacturing units encouraging the adoption of modern and efficient production techniques.
  • Implemention:-The scheme is typically implemented through the SIDBI network of financial institutions and partner banks.

7. MSME Business Loan for Startups in 59 Seconds:-


The “ MSME Business Loan for Startups in 59 Seconds” is a part of the government’s initiative to simplify and expedite the loan approvals for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises( MSMEs) in India. This initiative aims to provide quick and easy access to credit for startups and small businesses.

The key features of the “ MSME Business Loan for startups in 59 seconds are as follows:-

Online Application:-The loan application process is conducted online allowing startups to submit their applications through a user-friendly platform.

Quick The highlight of the scheme is the promise of quick approvals to provide as-in-principle approval for the loan within 59 seconds of submitting the online application.

Collateral Free Loan:-The  scheme may offer collateral-free loans eliminating the need for startups to provide tangible security for obtaining credit.

Simplified Documents: The application process typically involves minimal documentation making it easier for startups to meet the requirements.

Automated Credit The scheme often utilizes automated credit scoring algorithms to assess the creditworthiness of the startups quickly.

Loan Amount: Startups may be eligible for a specified loan amount based on their business requirements and financial health.

Technology The scheme may leverage technology for a seamless application process integrating various financial and non-financial data for a quick assessment.

Participating Lenders: The scheme involves collaborations with various financial institutions banks or online lending platforms that participate in the programme.

Easy of Repayments:-Flexible and convenient repayment terms may be offered to startups aligning with their cash flow and business cycle.

My Conclusion:-

In 2024, the future of Micro, Small and Medium enterprises ( MSMEs) in India appears promising with the continued implementation of innovative loan schemes.

The MSME Loan is witnessing further growth, fostering a conducive environment for business expansion and technological advancements. With a focus on financial inclusion, collateral-free loans and streamlined application processes MSMEs are expected to benefit significantly. These initiatives aim to empower startups and small businesses, driving economic development and job creation.

In 2024, the expansion spree is expected with nearly 60% of MSMEs plan to open new stores and offer new products or services to their customers in 2024.MSMEs in Banglore, Delhi, and Pune have shown a willingness to expand their presence in 2024. 

As per the latest information received from the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, the share of MSME Gross Value Added ( GVA) in all of India's Gross Domestic Product( GDP) during the years 2019-20,2020-21 & 2021-22 was 30%, 27.2% and 29.2% respectively.

MSMEs account for 40-50% of India’s total exports and 30% of India’s gross domestic product (GDP). The MSMEs have huge potential, they are likely to produce 10-15 million employment opportunities in the next decade. The government of India is going all in with helping the MSMEs rise to their full potential.

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About Author

Ajay Kumar Patra is a highly experienced and accomplished accounts and taxation professional with over 27 years of experience in the industry. He is a Post graduate in Commerce (M. Com) from Sambalpur University with First Class and MBA-Finance with First Class from Jaipur National University....
He has worked with several large manufacturing units in India in various capacities. His last portfolio was (G.M) Finance & Accounts in large Steel Manufacturing Industry in Odisha. He Quit his job in the year May-2021.

Professional Content Writer: -
He is also a professional content writer and has published over 150 articles on business, finance, startups, e-commerce, and tourism. In 2021.All article you can see in the website www.odiyadigitalworld.com.
Content Writer
In addition to his professional work, Ajay is also a passionate content writer. He has published over 150 articles on business, finance, startups, e-commerce, and tourism. His articles are well-researched and informative, and they have been read by millions of people around the world. Ajay is also a regular contributor to several leading publications. He always published his own article in his website www.odiyadigitalworld.com.
Tax Consultant:
He is also Founder & CEO of own Tax consultancy firm, “Ajay Tax Consultant:, in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. Which has been started in the year 2021 with give best services to individuals and Business owner like Income Tax, GST. PAN, DSC, TDS with New company Registration with Insurance facilities to clients of PAN INDIA. You can visit website” www.ajaytaxconsultant.com.” to know more.

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Ajay Kumar Patra is a highly experienced and accomplished accounts and taxation professional with over 27 years of experience in the industry.